# Speed control of dc shunt motor by flux control method pdf

M1 may be any ac motor or dc motor with constant speed. Speed control of dc motor by varying field flux electrical. Thus the speed of shunt motor can be changed by changing any one of the factors mentioned below. By decreasing the flux, the speed can be increased and vice versa.

Jan 26, 2019 armature current control method on separately excited dc motor. The speed control of dc series motors can be obtained by. Speed control of shunt dc motor two common ways in which the speed of a shunt dc machine can be controlled. The speed of a shunt motor can be changed by flux control method. In this method, a variable resistance is placed in series with shunt field winding. What is armature voltage control method in speed control of. The relationship given below gives the speed of a d. Working principle from the above circuit diagram, we can conclude that if we want to increase the speed of the shunt motor, we will vary the field resistance. This can be achieved by changing the field current. We control the speed by adding a variable resistance in series with the shunt field, when we increase the resistance the field current reduces and by the way, the flux reduces and the speed increases. Dc motors brought us revolutionary changes in industrial and domestic applications. Speed changes with every change in load, because speed variations depend not only on controlling resistance but on load current also.

It is already explained above that the speed of a dc motor is inversely proportional to the flux per pole. Because of their selfregulating speed capabilities, dc shunt motors are ideal for applications where precise speed control is required. Speed control methods of dc motor shunt, series motors. According to the application, speed control is required. When supply voltage v and armature resistance ra are kept constant, the speed is directly proportional to armatur. Dec 11, 2016 the arrangement of this system is as shown in the figure at right. The speed is not effected by load, and speed control can be performed effectively even at light loads. Load test on singlephase transformer and three phase transformers. Adjusting the field resistance r f and thus the field flux adjusting the terminal voltage applied to the armature. The set up for speed control of dc shunt motor using flux control technique is shown in the figure.

Speed control methods of dc shunt as well as dc series motor are. Speed control methods of a dc motor can be varied by varying flux, armature resistance or applied voltage. Speed control methods of dc shunt motor my tech info. Jun 12, 2019 before discussing the speed control of dc motor, let us first establish the expression of the speed of a dc motor. In this method, we will control the speed of the motor by controlling the magnetic flux produced by field winding.

The less common method of speed control is by inserting a resistor in series with armature circuit. This essentially means that on switching the motor running condition from no load to loaded, surprisingly there is no considerable change in speed of running, as would. Speed control of dc shunt motor with field and armature rheostat control 79 2. Speed control of dc motor shunt type aim a to study the speed control of dc motor below the normal range by armature resistance control and to plot speed vs armature voltage, characteristic. The field current can be changed by changing the rheostat r connected in series with the field. Armature resistance control and field flux control the dc motor converts the mechanical power into dc electrical power. In this video, i describe how to control the speed of d. Speed control of dc motor shunt, series and compound. Compared to synchronous motor, induction motor controlling the speed of dc series or dc shunt motor is very easy and efficient.

Different speed control methods for different dc shunt and series methods are there. Voltage can be applied to the terminals of the dc motor or external resistance can be applied in the armature. Speed control of dc motor can be controlled by this method. Speed control of shunt motors i variation of flux or flux control method it is seen from above that n. Other than these, various controllers are used to have a better speed response of the dc motor. Dec 10, 2017 speed control methods of a dc motor can be varied by varying flux, armature resistance or applied voltage. This resistor r c is known as a shunt field regulator. From the expression of the speed of a dc motor, we have seen that the speed of the motor is inversely proportional to its field flux. Speed control of dc motors pdf the l292 is designed primarily for use with an l290 and l291 in dc motor servo. Speed of a dc motor can be controlled by various ways, like flux control method, armature control, voltage control method etc. Thus, the speed control by this method is achieved by control of the field current. What are the methods for controlling the speed of a dc shunt. Varying the resistance of armature circuit armature control method varying the flux per pole field control method armature control method.

Speed control can be achieved using dc drives in a number of ways. The different methods of speed control in dc shunt motors are 1. Speed control of dc shunt motor your electrical guide. Speed adjustment of a dc series motor by armature control may be done by. In this method the speed control can be achieved by varying the flux. Armature current control method on separately excited dc motor. This method of speed control is independent of load on the motor. Swinburnes test and speed control of dc shunt motor. Speed of a dc motor can be controlled by various ways, like flux control. The different methods of speed control of dc shunt motor are flux control method, armature control method and voltage control method.

In order to change the speed, we have to change flux. The flux in the field winding is directly proportional to the field current and the field current is inversely proportional to the field resistance r f. Mar 01, 2016 thus the speed of shunt motor can be changed by changing any one of the factors mentioned below. Thus by decreasing the flux, speed can be increased and vice versa. In practical life, the numbers of motors are used for different applications.

Dec 31, 2017 in this video, i describe how to control the speed of d. Flux control method it is based on the fact that by varying the flux f, the motor speed n can be changed and hence the name flux control method. But using field and armature rheostat control method we can make it more versatile. As resistance increased, the value of the field current will reduce. Speed control methods of a dc motor speed of a dc motor can be varied by varying flux, armature resistance or applied voltage. Speed control of dc motor dc motor speed control youtube. Field control method or flux control method of dc motors in field control method, the field exciting current is varied to control the speed of dc motors. In the case of dc shunt motors and dc compound motors external resistance is connected in series with the shunt field winding. The dc shunt motor torque is directly proportional to flux and armature current. Speed of a dc motor we know, back emf of a dc motor eb is the induced emf due to rotation of the armature in magnetic field. In this post we will discuss the method of speed control of dc motor by varying the field flux which is known as field weakening method. Ac induction motor speed control so what can we do to control the speed of an ac induction motor. In shunt motor, flux produced by field winding is proportional to the field current ish.

Thyristor scr speed control of a dc shunt motor dspace repository thyristor scr speed control of a dc shunt motor. Before discussing the speed control of dc motor, let us first establish the expression of the speed of a dc motor. Speed control by varying the armature circuit resistance 2. Where,va is the voltage applied across the armature, n is the rotor speed and. The dc shunt motor is 120vdc with rated speed of 1800 revolutions per minute. One of the most important features of the dc motor is that their speed can easily be control according to the requirement by using simple methods. Speed control methods of dc motor electrical edition. Armature control method this method is based on the fact that by varying the. Comparative analysis of speed control techniques of dc. Firstly, mathematical model of dc motor was created. In this method a variable resistance is inserted in series with the armature coil as. May 24, 2015 merits and demerits of rheostatic control method 1. Speed control of dc shunt motor by varying field flux.

An increase in controlling resistances reduces the field current with a reduction in flux and an increase in speed. Shunt motor is a special type of dc motor which runs at a constant speed. Speed control of dc motor full guide for controlling the. This all because of an unique feature of dc motors i. In the case of dc shunt motors and dc compound motors external resistance is connected in series with the. For speed control of dc series motor, various methods are used that we will see in this article. Speed control of dc motor shunt motor and series motor. The curve becomes steeper and the speed decreases rapidly as the resistance is increased. Merits and demerits of rheostatic control method 1. In this method, a variable resistance known as shunt field rheostat is placed in series with shunt field winding as shown in fig.

Comparative analysis of speed control techniques of dc motors. This paper describes a matlabsimulink realization of the direct current dc motor speed control method by controlling the voltage applied to the field circuit of a separately excited dc motor in. This method is very frequently used because it is very simple and economic. It is based on the fact that by varying the flux f, the motor speed n 1f can be changed and hence the name flux control method. Jul 11, 2019 a very important and interesting fact about the dc shunt motor, is in its ability to selfregulate its speed on the application of the load to the shaft of the rotor terminals. As stated above this method will increase the losses. Ward leonard method of speed control of dc shunt motor. The connection diagram of a shunt motor of the armature resistance control method is shown. Speed control methods of dc motor speed control of shunt motor 1. The flux of a dc motor can be changed by changing ish with help of a shunt field rheostat. The equivalent circuit of shunt motors will be, armature current control method on shunt dc motor. The l292 is designed primarily for use with an l290 and l291 in dc motor servo. Hey guys, in the armature control method, the speed of the dc motor is directly proportional to the back emf eb and eb v iara.

A very important and interesting fact about the dc shunt motor, is in its ability to selfregulate its speed on the application of the load to the shaft of the rotor terminals. When the load is extremely low within a shunt motor, then the armature current can also be low. Speed control of dc shunt motor using microcontroller. The speed characteristic of a shunt motor is different compared with a series motor. Applied voltage control method of dc motor electrical. As a dc shunt motor attains its complete speed, then the armature current can be directly connected to the motor load. This double dependence makes it impossible to keep the speed sensibly constant on rapidly changing loads.

Speed control of shunt dc motor johurul islam academia. Speed control of dc shunt motor with field and armature rheostat. As indicated by the speed equation, the speed is inversely proportional to the flux. In a shunt motor, the variable resistor r c is connected in series with the shunt field windings as shown in the figure below. In previous post speed control of dc motor we discussed the method of speed control of dc motor by armature circuit resistance control method. Field control method electrical engineering assignment. From this formula it follows that the speed of a shunt d.

Before the magnetic saturation, the field flux is directly proportional to the field current. The arrangement of this system is as shown in the figure at right. Jul 11, 2019 in this method, speed variation is accomplished by means of a variable resistance inserted in series with the shunt field. What are the best ways to control the speed of dc motor. In this technique the shunt field of the motor is permanently connected to a fixed voltage supply, while the armature is supplied with various voltages by means of suitable switch gear arrangements. For controller design two methods are used, namely frequency shaping method and pwm control. The above equation shows that the speed depends upon the supply voltage v, the armature circuit resistance r a, and the field flux, which is produced by the field current. This paper discusses the speed and torque control of a shunt dc motor through matlab simulink simulations.

Since the input voltage is constant, the flux generated is also constant. Along with the shunt field winding an adjustable resistance is connected in series as shown in the figure. For creating and simulating the mathematical model matlab program with simulink extension was used. Another method is to vary the flux per pole of the motor. In this method, speed variation is accomplished by means of a variable resistance inserted in series with the shunt field. Speed control of dc shunt motor with field and armature. The voltage equation of a dc motor is where e b is the back emf, v is the supply voltage, i a the armature current, and r a is the armature resistance. The paper deals with design of control for dc motor and analysis with focus on speed control. Electrical machinel dc laboratory manual grietelectrical and. Keep in mind, however, that they cannot produce high starting torque, so the load at startup must be small. Therefore, dc shunt motor is called a constant speed motor as well.

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